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By Egan O'Connor, Executive Director
December 4, 2000
The X-Rays and Health Project (XaHP) is an educational effort launched in mid-1999 by the Committee for Nuclear Responsibility (CNR).Committee for Nuclear Responsibility (CNR)
Post Office Box 421993, San Francisco CA 94142-1993 USA.
X-rays and Health Project (XaHP)
Committee for Nuclear Responsibility, Inc.
PO Box 421993, San Francisco CA 94142-1993 USA.
E-mail: XaHP welcomes your comments and suggestions at
CNR is a non-profit educational organization (IRS class 501-c-3) established in 1971 to provide independent analyses of the health consequences from exposure to x-rays and other ionizing radiations. Research in this field is not commercially viable. Most radiation research, analysis, and publications are funded, directly or indirectly, by sponsors whose activities cause exposure to ionizing radiation. By contrast, CNR's work is independent of sponsorship from such sources. The work is supported by tax-deductible donations.
The X-rays and Health Project (XaHP) is definitely not "anti-x-ray." Medical and dental x-ray images can have undeniable benefits, and sometimes they can save your life or your teeth. There is no shortage of persons and websites to tell you about the benefits of x-ray images. By contrast, the focus of XaHP's website is to educate its visitors about the great importance to health of reducing the x-ray dosage per x-ray image. Dose-reduction per x-ray image is demonstrably feasible, and will PREVENT countless future cases of cancer and coronary heart disease.
JOHN GOFMAN: The chairman of CNR (including XaHP) is John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California at Berkeley. His doctorate is in nuclear/physical chemistry. His work as a graduate student was part of the Manhattan (atomic-bomb) Project. He shares patents on the fissionability of uranium-233 and on early processes for separating plutonium from fission products. After the war, he finished his medical degree at the University of California, San Francisco.
Starting in 1948, at the Donner Laboratory at U.C. Berkeley, Dr. Gofman led the team which discovered and characterized the diverse lipoproteins in the bloodstream and showed that many of these molecules are very important in the causation of coronary heart disease. His pioneering research in atherogenesis has stood the test of time, and is widely honored.
In 1963, at the request of the Atomic Energy Commission, Dr. Gofman established and directed the Biomedical Research Division for the Livermore National Laboratory. There, he began his laboratory research into the connection between chromosomal abnormalities and cancer.
In 1969, epidemiologic analyses by Dr. Gofman and Dr. Arthur R. Tamplin revealed that ionizing radiation is far more carcinogenic than acknowledged by the Atomic Energy Commission. Gofman and Tamplin decided to tell the public about their findings, and to advocate a 5-year pause in licensing additional nuclear power plants. As a consequence, they lost their research grants and left the Livermore Lab by 1974. By 1990, government-funded reports agreed with most of the biological findings which Gofman and Tamplin had announced in 1970.
After leaving the Livermore Lab, Dr. Gofman independently continued his research into the health effects of ionizing radiation. He has produced major new findings, published in his six scholarly books and monographs (1981, 1985, 1990, 1994, 1995/96, 1999). In 1992, he shared the Right Livelihood Award ("the alternate Nobel Prize") for "his pioneeing work in exposing the health effects of low-level radiation." Dr. Gofman has donated his services to CNR since its inception, in 1971.
- Additional details about Dr. Gofman's previous work
- Some Comments about Dr. Gofman's Body of Work
- Photo of Dr. Gofman in 1999
EGAN O'CONNOR: The executive director of CNR (including XaHP) is Egan O'Connor. She previously (1969-1974) worked as a consultant on nuclear and solar energy for U.S. Senator Mike Gravel of Alaska. Before that (1963-1968), she did research for documentary films on a wide variety of subjects.
DAVID RATCLIFFE: The person who has put so many of CNR's publications online at www.ratical.org/radiation/CNR/ is David T. Ratcliffe, the creator of the ratical.org website. Without Dave's generous work, talent, and friendship, CNR would not have been present on the web almost since the web's inception.